# Hadamard states from null infinity

January 20, 2015

Free field theories on a four dimensional, globally hyperbolic spacetime,
whose dynamics is ruled by a Green hyperbolic partial differential operator,
can be quantized following the algebraic approach. It consists of a two-step
procedure: In the first part one identifies the observables of the underlying
physical system collecting them in a *-algebra which encodes their relational
and structural properties. In the second step one must identify a quantum
state, that is a positive, normalized linear functional on the *-algebra out of
which one recovers the interpretation proper of quantum mechanical theories via
the so-called Gelfand-Naimark-Segal theorem. In between the plethora of
possible states, only few of them are considered physically acceptable and they
are all characterized by the so-called Hadamard condition, a constraint on the
singular structure of the associated two-point function. Goal of this paper is
to outline a construction scheme for these states which can be applied whenever
the underlying background possesses a null (conformal) boundary. We discuss in
particular the examples of a real, massless conformally coupled scalar field
and of linearized gravity on a globally hyperbolic and asymptotically flat
spacetime.

Keywords:

quantum field theory on curved spacetimes, Hadamard states