August 14, 1996
It has been known that the Wigner representation theory for positive energy orbits permits a useful localization concept in terms of certain lattices of real subspaces of the complex Hilbert -space. This ''modular localization'' is not only useful in order to construct interaction-free nets of local algebras without using non-unique ''free field coordinates'', but also permits the study of properties of localization and braid-group statistics in low-dimensional QFT. It also sheds some light on the string-like localization properties of the 1939 Wigner's ''continuous spin'' representations.We formulate a constructive nonperturbative program to introduce interactions into such an approach based on the Tomita-Takesaki modular theory. The new aspect is the deep relation of the latter with the scattering operator.
Keywords:modular theory, modular localization, infinite spin representations